Paving consists of a stone or tile and a mortar system. It is usually installed on a surface, usually on the ground or an outdoor structure of a home or building. Good examples of paving materials are the flagstones used in gardens. However, there are other types of paving known today, and asphalt paving is one of them.
Paving was used for many years now. Aside from asphalt, the other popular material used for paving is concrete. Apparently, a couple of thousand years before, the Romans built roads using pavers and aggregates. They have a function for years and some of them are still existing today. This is how you know that these materials are very durable.
Today’s Paving Process
Homeowners are advised never to neglect the exteriors of their homes. Otherwise, they will have to spend lots of time and money repairing. Even if the exteriors have been repaired, it won’t have the same impact as before.
What other people see is the exterior of your house. It is only reasonable that you have to improve it as much as you can. If your property isn’t maintained well from the outside, then it’s impossible to say that it’s beautiful inside. This is the reason why a lot of people invest in their landscapes. You want to impress everybody who passes by your home.
Investing on Your Home Exteriors
If you’re like many people who spend lots of time on their gardens and lawns, then you might want to invest in asphalt pavement. Installing on your driveway will encourage the children to go out and play instead of sit all day tinkering on their phones or playing with the computer. If your backyard looks appealing, then even you will enjoy staying outside.
Create paved areas in your home. A large part of your landscape may be thee paved asphalt driveway. You can also use other paving materials t edge garden beds and build patios. If you think that this is expensive to construct, think again. It’s worth the investment because it cuts the green areas of your garden in half. It means that your landscape becomes easier to maintain in the long run.
It is just a matter of designing your exteriors in such a way you can integrate the paved areas with the greens and the other elements of your landscape. Your landscape designer can show you a wide range of designs and styles to choose from and give you great suggestions as to what to do with your exteriors.
What to Ask a Paving Contractor
You should seek the answer a few questions before starting any outdoor paving projects. It won’t matter if it’s a paved patio, asphalt driveway, garden edges, barbeque area, or flagstone paver that you intend to install. You have to talk with the expert in Bay Area paving before doing anything.
On the other hand, the contractor may also ask you their own set of questions, such as how big the project area is and what designs you prefer. If it is an asphalt paving project, they might want to know where you want it installed so they can assess what foundation to use and how to prepare for the installation.
There are different types of HMA mixes available, with some measures that have to be taken and done meticulously to arrive at the right selection. The contractor will contact the asphalt mix supplier to create a mixture appropriate for positioning the asphalt thickness. Take note that stony mixes are not the best options for certain applications. The same goes true for mixes that contain specialty materials.
Traditional compact blends are the ones ideal for parking lots and driveways. The use of more sand offers a better water shedding pad. It also makes the mix lightweight. However, if you intend to mix the asphalt, ensure that the contractor buys the mix from reputable local suppliers.
Contractors would definitely have their favorite recipes that worked well for them before. If you are not familiar with asphalt pavements, it is best that you ask them to give you a sample of how the finished work will look like so that you get the matte and mixture that suits your requirements.
Compacting and Paving Techniques
Ensure that the subgrade of the asphalt pavement is stable before starting the paving process. It’s important for the soil and backfilled areas to be well compacted. Any settlement should have occurred at this point. Drive a dump truck or a loaded vehicle over it to make sure that the work platform is secure and stable. Upon the completion of the subgrade, the next step is to assemble, form, and compact the aggregate base.
Paving must only be undertaken only if the weather condition is good. Don’t do any work if it’s cold or snowy outside. Proper compaction is important to the future performance of the pavement, and you won’t do a good job during wet and cool weather. You have to use the right compacting equipment as well.
Ensure that the contractors are working closely with their chosen suppliers to monitor the HMA temperature. It must never be overheated or damage can be expected. The mixture temperature must be maintained throughout the compaction process.
To order to prevent segregation, the contractor must also monitor the handling and location of the materials used during the entire project. Doing so should improve workmanship. Use a paving machine for the job.
Your asphalt driveway investment must be safeguarded. Driveways and parking lots have to be maintained well to prevent drainage problems, to provide edge protection, and to repair the paved surface.
Water spells trouble for asphalt pavements. Every low position known as the water pool must be corrected with a patching mixture. Ditches, drain inlets, and gutters should be open and clear.
The bottom of the asphalt pavement must be protected with aggregates or soil wedges. Curb blocks may also be utilized to discourage vehicles from driving very close to the edges of the pavement.
If possible, seal the asphalt pavement. A seal makes the surface water-resistant. Sealing provides not just waterproof coating but also a uniform look. Read all the technical details of the asphalt pavement supplier to be guided accordingly. Consult with an expert in asphalt paving Bay Area to get further assistance.
The proper installation and maintenance of asphalt pavement will last you for 20 years. That’s the secret of the professionally built driveway. Driveways that are poorly designed and constructed will break down soon after it was installed. Commercial parking lots have a similar service life.
Aside from engineering decisions such as construction materials and design details, there are other management choices that have a significant impact on asphalt paving’s performance. It also includes finding the right contractor and checking job quality.
How to Select a Contractor
Selecting good contractors takes some work, but it is for superior results. You must find a competent and skilled contractor who takes care of all the specifics of the project. You may have to speak to several trustworthy contractors to get the expected results. Consult with the Better Business Bureau to check for possible customer complaints.
Tell the contractors to give you references, preferably their latest projects. Call their previous clients and inquire if they’re pleased with the contractor’s job. If necessary, check the jobs and consider the work quality.
Another good way to find an asphalt contractor is to contact the hot mixing plant in your locality and request for a recommendation from them. The operator will definitely know a good contractor or two, and they would willingly give their name and contact number. Research first and find out if the contractor suggested to you is indeed good enough. It is important to make sure that the recommended contractor does a good job.
Contracts and Documents
It is also important to give the asphalt paving contractor a contract before starting with the job. They should provide you with written documentation about the nature of the job and its expected quality.
However, very few projects on the road will follow these guidelines. They usually provide simple specifications and follow the standards to ensure you of a good job. Although it isn’t long, it must be clear and precise. All test guidelines must be met.
Structural Design Considerations
An asphalt pavement needs adequate structural capacity so it can carry the load you want it to and operate well. The appropriate thickness of the pavement will depend on the condition of the subgrade and the expected traffic.
Proper subgrade preparation is essential, as it will serve as the pavement base. It should be free of soil and weeds. It must match the contours of the asphalt pavement. It needs to be lightweight, smooth, and spotless. All soft spots must be filled and properly compacted and covered with good soil. A poorly compacted or porous subgrade may lead to structural problems.
The installation of suitable drainage is a factor in the performance of the asphalt driveway or parking lot. Perhaps no other role is so crucial in assessing the ability of the asphalt pavement to cope with weather and road impact. Evaporation or runoff is generally slow as the water gets into the subgrade. Even under the dry weather, it may stay wet or become damp at an indefinite period of time. Some subgrade soils have some clay and silt that cause it to lose strength, especially when wet.